Internal Controls & Processes

Internal controls are actions, procedures, and policies that are designed to safeguard assets and ensure that all transactions are recorded completely, timely, and accurately in the accounting records.  Internal controls ensure that assets are protected from loss or deterioration.  For example, physical inventory or buildings should be protected with security such as locks, security guards, cameras, barbed wire fencing, and so forth.  Cash and bank accounts should be protected by having a separation of duties between various functions, including accessing cash (including online access), opening mail, depositing checks, recording cash, and reconciling bank accounts. Internal control procedures should be put in place for all business operations to protect the company’s assets and minimize the risk of loss.

internal controls and processes

Emerging and growing businesses are often formed by an entrepreneur with a great business idea but not as much knowledge about how to protect their business. Or they may be family-run businesses where various activities are performed by family members and there is a possibility for conflicts of interest between operating functions that should be separated or do not have controls to prevent theft of funds. 

The CFO Strategies team has extensive experience as accountants or Certified Public Accountants (CPAs and auditors, designing internal controls that protect against the possible loss of cash and other assets from misappropriation, theft, or fraud.  We understand that in smaller businesses, and especially family-run businesses, there needs to be a balance between the costs associated with building a strong control environment with the practical aspects of working in a smaller environment. CFO Strategies has the experience and business savvy to design the right internal controls for your business.

CFO Strategies is ready to periodically perform self-audit procedures of key business operations and areas most susceptible to risk to ensure that your business is well protected and the controls are operating effectively as designed. 

Our mission at CFO Strategies is to help business owners make sure their internal control systems are strong and designed to effectively protect the business owners’ interests. This will give any business owner the peace of mind to focus on the important work of growing their business.

What Is the Purpose of Internal Controls in Accounting?


In the realm of finance and accounting, the concept of internal controls plays a pivotal role in ensuring the integrity, accuracy, and reliability of an organization’s financial operations. Let’s explore the purpose and significance of internal controls in the field of accounting.

Internal controls encompass the policies, procedures, and mechanisms put in place by an organization to safeguard its assets, ensure financial data accuracy, and comply with regulations. The primary objectives of internal controls accounting are as follows:

Safeguarding Assets: One of the core purposes of internal controls is to protect an organization’s assets, both physical and financial, from theft, fraud, or misuse. This involves measures such as restricted access, secure storage, and audit trails.

Ensuring Data Accuracy: Internal controls are designed to ensure the accuracy of financial information. This includes procedures for recording transactions, reconciling accounts, and conducting regular audits.

Compliance with Regulations: Many industries and businesses are subject to various regulatory requirements. Internal controls help organizations adhere to these regulations, minimizing the risk of non-compliance, legal issues, and financial penalties.

Preventing Fraud: Internal controls are instrumental in preventing and detecting fraud. By segregating duties, conducting thorough reviews, and implementing anti-fraud measures, organizations can significantly reduce the risk of financial misconduct.

Enhancing Efficiency: Effective internal controls can streamline financial processes and enhance efficiency. By standardizing procedures and workflows, organizations can optimize their resource allocation.

Supporting Decision-Making: Reliable financial data, backed by robust internal controls, enables organizations to make well-informed decisions, charting a path for financial growth and sustainability.

In summary, the purpose of internal controls in accounting is multifaceted, encompassing asset protection, data accuracy, regulatory compliance, fraud prevention, efficiency, and informed decision-making. For organizations, implementing and maintaining effective internal controls is not just a best practice but a critical necessity in achieving financial stability, maintaining trust, and securing long-term success.

For more information on how CFO Strategies LLC can help with implementing and optimizing internal controls, do not hesitate to contact us to explore comprehensive solutions tailored to your organization’s needs.